Purchase consideration is the final amount on which a deal is locked between two companies or two people at which they agreed to sale or buy their business respectively. The amalgamation is the addition or combination of two firms. And in sales the purchase consideration amount will be disclosed before amalgamation.
Amalgamation is the cost which you are paying to the person from which you are buying the complete company.
There is a specific formula for calculating the final purchase consideration amount which is needed to pay by buyer at the time of amalgamation. And we can understand this by an example:
Suppose if you’re buying my company and we both agreed on 1000$ value and along with that, you’re buying 10K shares for 10$ each share then the value of shares will be combined with the company value to become consideration value, and the final price will be like 1000$ (Agreed amount) + 10000$ (Total shares value) = 11000$.
Note: You can assume any currency here to simplify.
Types of Purchase consideration
The final purchase consideration value can be calculated by four top methods and that’s are:
- Net Assets method
- Net Payment method
- Lump Sum method
- Intrinsic Value method
Later in this article on Purchase consideration methods, we will understand the concept of all four major methods and their working algorithms.
Net Assets Method:
Net Assets method is uses when the company calculate the value of shares based on the assets of the company. And to calculate Purchase consideration value by Net Assets method is Net Assets available for equity shareholders divided by number of equity shares.
To get net assets value you need subtract the assets value from third party liabilities from total assets value including preference share capital and other liabilities. Then the output value is net assets which is divided by number of equity shareholders.